Three-phase brushless motor drivers realise high speed rotation for small motors

Toshiba Electronics Europe has launched two new three-phase brushless motor drivers.

The TC78B015FTG is intended for 12V power supply applications and the TC78B015AFTG has been designed to support applications using 24V. The new ICs support high-speed rotation of small fan motors and are ideally suited to home appliance and industrial equipment applications. For example, cooling fans, such as those found in servers, combine minimum size with a high rotation speed thereby ensuring maximum cooling capability.

Toshiba’s driver ICs are within small WQFN 36 (5mm x 5mm x 0.8mm) packages that can be mounted on the limited PCB space found in small motors.

The ICs also reduce the external component count by incorporating a one-sensor drive and current detection resistor-free system. One-sensor driving reduces the number of hall sensors from three to one and ensures more reliable motor operation than a comparable sensorless drive. The resistor-free current detection system can reduce the power supply rating and eliminate the large resistors previously required.

All of these innovations contribute to reduced demand for space on wiring boards.

High speed rotation is achieved with a 1500 commutation system. Rotation is faster and more stable than with a sine-wave commutation system, and vibration is lower than in a conventional 1200 commutation system. Adoption of low on-resistance (upper + lower: 0.24Ω (typ.)) reduces heat generation due to the increased motor current found in high frequency drives.

The TC78B015FTG operates with a supply in the range 6V to 22V and the TC78B015AFTG requires a supply in the range 6V to 30V. Both devices support output currents up to 3A and support Hall devices as well as offering a range of protection functions including thermal shutdown, overcurrent detection and motor lock detection.