2D semiconductor on nanostructure produces efficient semiconductor

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KAIST researchers have suspended a 2D semiconductor on a dome-shaped nanostructure, which they claim has produced a highly efficient semiconductor at a low cost.

Due to their flexibility, high transparency, and carrier transport properties, 2D semiconducting materials have emerged as alternatives for silicon-based semiconductors.

Their thin nature however, means they are oversensitive to their environment. Therefore, any irregularities in the supporting surface can affect the properties of 2D semiconductors and make it more difficult to produce reliable and well performing devices. In particular, it can result in serious degradation of charge-carrier mobility or light-emission yield.

To solve this problem, there have been continued efforts to fundamentally block the substrate effects. One way is to suspend a 2D semiconductor; however, this method will degrade mechanical durability due to the absence of a supporter underneath the 2D semiconducting materials.

Professor Yeon Sik Jung, from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST, and his team came up with a new strategy. This is based on the insertion of high-density topographic patterns as a nanogap-containing supporter between 2D materials and the substrate in order to mitigate their contact and to block the substrate-induced unwanted effects.

More than 90% of the dome-shaped supporter is simply an empty space because of its nanometer scale size. Placing a 2D semiconductor on this structure creates a similar effect to levitating the layer. Meaning this method secures the mechanical durability of the device while minimising the undesired effects from the substrate. By applying this method to the 2D semiconductor, the charge-carrier mobility was more than doubled, showing a significant improvement of the performance of the 2D semiconductor, the researchers claim.

Additionally, the team say they were able to reduce the price of manufacturing the semiconductor. In general, constructing an ultra-fine dome structure on a surface generally involves costly equipment to create individual patterns on the surface. However, the team employed a method of self-assembling nanopatterns in which molecules assemble themselves to form a nanostructure. This method led to reducing production costs and showed good compatibility with conventional semiconductor manufacturing processes.

Prof. Jung said: “This research can be applied to improve devices using various 2D semiconducting materials as well as devices using graphene, a metallic 2D material. It will be useful in a broad range of applications, such as the material for the high speed transistor channels for next-generation flexible displays or for the active layer in light detectors.”