It is expected that production of light vehicles equipped with V2X systems will be just under 15,000 units in 2019 and will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 277.5 per cent in 2024.
A major driving force for the implementation of enhanced connectivity in vehicles today is the demand for safer roads and the minimisation of road fatalities. While automatic crash notification systems are doing their part in this matrix, the introduction of V2X is expected to revolutionise the way consumers drive, if not the entire transportation system.
In the debate over which technology V2X should be based on, dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) solutions lead the global automotive V2X market in the near term, says IHS. This is because it represents a proven technology with chips for system implementation readily available from several semiconductor companies.
By 2020, overall deployment numbers will still be relatively low, according to IHS, but cellular V2X (C-V2X) solutions will already have surpassed DSRC based solutions, due to expected rapid deployment in China.
China is expected to lead the global V2X market, with an estimated 629,000 light vehicles produced in the region equipped with C-V2X technology in 2020, with the country expected to stay in the lead through to 2024. Europe is expected to be the second largest V2X market but with reliance mostly on DSRC-based solutions and just over 411,000 light vehicles produced during 2020. By 2023, Europe will also produce a significant amount of C-V2X based vehicles.
Japan and Korea also will achieve more noticeable deployments of DSRC-based solutions by 2021, showing a total of over 61,000 of such light vehicles produced between the two countries. In the North American market, production of C-V2X equipped cars is also expected to start in 2021 with just under 56,000 vehicles produced during that year. India isn’t expected to see any type of V2X production in vehicles until 2023, while the South America region falls outside of IHS' forecast period (2017-2024) altogether.
“DSRC is a well-proven technology, but early testing of C-V2X based solutions are now being done by several companies,” said Anna Buettner, connected car principal analyst at IHS Markit. “C-V2X is gaining market momentum quickly in most regions and is likely to become the winning technology of choice over time, while a combined approach, in which both technologies are used, is also a real possibility in the near term while the technology is still developing.”
5G regulations are developing rapidly throughout many regions. Initial proposals made by governmental bodies, such as the one made by the European Commission in early March, could have potentially delayed cellular-based V2X deployment in Europe. However, since the announcement, the EU Parliament’s transport committee has come forward to reject the proposal alongside a number of OEMs. The latest vote by the European Commission now enables future 5G deployment, which would support C-V2X in automotive.
Meanwhile, the US Federal Communications Commission has recently delayed a vote to once again review a key technology that would pave the way for DSRC in the United States, highlighting the differences in regional approach that exist within key regulatory bodies.
“While regulatory bodies can greatly influence the fate and speed of deployment of V2X technologies, the momentum of V2X technology development will not be slowed down at the OEM and supplier level. This technology is here to stay,” added Buettner.