Directives & Standards

Almost every product needs to conform to a particular standard. Examples include designing to AEC-Q100 for the automotive industry and to IEC 60601 for medical products. Meanwhile, systems often need to conform to a range of European Directives, such as EMC or RoHS.

In this section, we keep designers up to date with developments in European Directives and in the standards to which products must be designed.

Going circular

Technology manufacturers are increasingly being encouraged to think about the circular economy – the concept that materials and goods should be kept in circulation for longer rather than follow the traditional ‘linear’ model of make, sell, use, then dispose.

Research excellence

Set up in 1956 Roke Manor Research has over the past 60 years established itself as a world-class electronics engineering consultancy.

Securing V2X communications

Test drive any new car and you’ll discover the automotive industry is in the middle of a connected car revolution. From rear view cameras and blind spot detectors to adaptive cruise control and lane assist, an unprecedented amount of electronics is being added each year in the name of improving safety and the driving experience.

Managing standards

With over 860 members the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) produces globally applicable standards for a broad range of information and communications technologies, from fixed, mobile and radio to broadcast and Internet technologies.

The marine revolution

The global shipping industry has witnessed a series of revolutions over the past 150 years, including the transition from sail to steam and the advent of containerisation in the 1960s.

Partnering for punctuality

With forecasts that at least 35,000 planes will be built over the next 20 years the commercial aircraft industry would appear to be in rude health.

Helping rail power supplies to comply

Around the world brand new infrastructure projects are being rolled out – from the Naples to Bari high speed railway project in Italy and the proposed TEX rail project in Texas to London’s Crossrail/Elizabeth Line. As a result, demand for new rolling stock – whether for rail, suburban rail, metro or tram projects – is growing, with huge quantities of trains set to be built over the next few years.

Standards to unlock smart automotive potential

The automotive industry is going through some significant changes at the minute, with electric and connected vehicles already on the road. Meanwhile, autonomous vehicles are being tested across the globe and will, potentially, enter the mainstream in just a few years.

Is industry ready for 5G?

Just less than a month ago, the Chancellor, Philip Hammond, used his budget speech to make a case for 5G, the next-generation mobile technology, and promised to invest £16million in a series of trials and to support research into the development of technology to underpin its deployment.

How can wearables designers navigate the compliance minefield?

With the global market for wearable devices growing rapidly, manufacturers are having to address the quality, performance and safety of their products without specific standards or regulations. According to market researcher Mintel, one Briton in seven now owns a wearable device, with some 3million wrist worn wearable devices sold in the UK in 2015 – a sales growth of 118%.

Energy regulations in power adaptors

The external power supply has become a staple part of system design for the electronics engineer. It provides a convenient means by which to add an AC front-end to a product which already meets international safety approvals. It also provides a faster time to market, with the option to use a connector which suits the application and reduces the risk of a generic power supply being plugged in and causing damage. By supplying a lower DC voltage to the equipment, it becomes easier to design a compact product that complies with all the necessary safety standards – a key consideration in applications in the consumer, industrial and medical markets

What are your obligations when it comes to labelling?

If you ask a designer of electronic or electrical products about the various pieces of European legislation which apply, they will probably discuss EMC and WEEE. If you’re lucky, they might also talk about RoHS and REACH. ?If you ask Richard Poate, senior compliance manager with TÜV SÜD Product Service, about these various requirements, he’ll say there has been a significant increase in the amount of such legislation and that it will continue to grow.

LTE for the IoT: Not one standard but many

Analysts are falling over themselves predicting just how big the IoT is going to be – and it will be big. What is less certain is what will be connecting all these devices. Some companies, such as Sigfox and those in the LoRa Alliance, are rolling out dedicated networks in cities around the world. However, these have the drawback that a new network does need to be deployed and that in most cases the coverage is somewhat limited.

RF tests are the basis for V2X

Wireless technologies are being used to connect vehicles, but in order to ensure that messages are received accurately, developers need to adhere to minimum standards.

ATEX and how this applies to power supplies

The acronym ATEX, derived from the French phrase "ATmosphere EXplosible”, was initially introduced in the European Union to facilitate the free movement of goods and services of equipment used in hazardous environments.The resulting ATEX Directive removed the need to test and document a product for each EU country by harmonising the way different hazardous explosive environments are classified across all industries.

Understanding the need for protection from lightning induced surges

Without question, the feat of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth, has been one the greatest engineering accomplishments in history. The complexities of escaping gravity, entering orbit, and then travelling on to Earth’s ethereal rock companion still boggle the mind nearly fifty years later. Along with thrust, propulsion, astrophysics, and zero gravity considerations, perhaps the most critical element to be considered in the success of the lunar missions was circuit protection.

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Editor's Choice

A single source of truth

Version control – increasingly a de facto part of the embedded software development ...

Apps processor attractions

When Freescale introduced the i.MX processor line in 2001, it’s probably fair to say ...

Power in their hands

The pressure on those developing new battery chemistries is increasing as consumers ...